When the house is used both as a residence and as an industrial site, security must always be the first choice.
Simple precautionary measures
More than half of the serious injuries sustained on the farm occur when the victim works alone. In addition, 26% occur in the presence of a family member. Anyone who has had an accident at the farm will tell you that this is a traumatic situation, especially when the victim is a family member, close friend or neighbor. What you do within seconds of discovery can make all the difference between recovery and death.
The first step everyone must take on the farm to prepare for any eventuality is to take a course of first aid and artificial respiration. This training can help you overcome the shock that the situation would produce; Otherwise you would risk being unable to think right and make logical decisions. It is also recommended to place a first aid kit in strategic locations.
It is the type of accident, the severity of the injury, and your ability to administer first aid or proper artificial respiration that will determine whether you should seek help immediately or whether you should start assisting . Be sure to judge the situation so that neither you nor the rescuers will put their lives at risk or risk injury.
You might also consider buying a two-way radio or a cell phone to help those working in remote fields stay in touch with family members. At the very least, make sure to tell family members exactly where you are going, and how long you plan to be there.
Tractors and agricultural machinery
The tractor is the main cause of death on the farm. Tractor reversals and rollovers account for almost half of all fatalities on the farm; Other agricultural machinery accounted for a quarter of the other deaths. For each death, several serious injuries occur.
Injuries caused by tractors and farm machinery could be avoided by making safety a priority at all times.
- Equip the tractor with a roll bar and a seat belt – and buckle up.
- Adjust the wheels to the widest range for the job.
- Do not approach ditches, streams and steep slopes.
- Adjust your speed according to the conditions and the load – do not let your tractor bounce.
- Lock the brake pedals together before driving at high speed – and slow down before turning.
- Keep the bucket of a charger as low as possible while you are traveling.
- Use counterweights when required.
- Hang a load only on the drawbar of the tractor – no higher.
- Use weights to increase tractor stability.
- Turn the tractor on slowly, and gradually change speed.Avoid backing if possible.
- Bypass the ditches rather than cross them.
- If you are stuck in the mud, try to get out by pulling the tractor back. If this does not work, tow it with another tractor.
- Be sure to never carry passengers on tractors and trailers.
- Before starting, make sure that no one is behind, under or in front of the tractor.
- Make sure that young children never approach a tractor.
- Train and supervise new drivers before allowing them to drive a tractor.
The silage gas
Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) is the chemical name of a deadly silage gas. The fresh products to be ensiled, cut and blown in the silos, produce this gas by fermentation. Since NO 2 is heavier than air, it accumulates and accumulates above the silage. At adequate concentration, this lethal gas can spread into the silo chute, feeding rooms and adjacent barns. Under these circumstances, NO 2 poses a serious danger to humans and animals.
The risk of exposure to silage gas is greatest during the three weeks following silo filling. Accidental deaths and serious injuries to the lungs from exposure to NO 2 usually occur in top loading silos. Those who enter the free space of these structures during the leveling, sealing and installation of the distiller are exposed to extreme risks.
Consider warning signs:
An odor similar to that of a bleacher;
A yellowish brown fog above the silage or near the bottom of the feeding room;
Dead flies, cats or rodents on the floor of the feeding room, or dead birds in the silo.
If you notice any of these signs, immediately get people and livestock out, and start the silage blower to evacuate the toxic gases from the silo.
Exposure to high concentrations of silage gas can lead to near-instantaneous death! The victim will probably not even have time to detect respiratory symptoms, such as a burning sensation in the nose, throat and chest.
Here are some safe practices offered by the Farm Safety Association:
- Place a “silage gas” sign near the silo. Keep children and visitors away from silos within three weeks of filling.
- Contact your fire department or other emergency department to determine if a remote pressure breathing apparatus is available in an emergency.
- Make sure that the feeding room is ventilated in order to remove the silage gases that can spread in the fall or be blown out by the distiller. If there is no ventilation, close the feed room door at all times to avoid contamination of the barn.
- Adjust the dispenser so that the silage is leveled during filling. Do not enter the silo to level the ensiled products. If it is necessary to enter the silo after the filling is complete, do so as soon as you have finished the last loading. Do not wait till the next day! Leave the snowblower running while you are in the silo.
- Never enter a silo without a safety cord retained by someone outside the silo. Always ventilate the silo before entering it.
- If you experience burns in the throat (regardless of intensity) near a silo that has recently been filled, leave the area and get fresh air as soon as possible.
If someone collapses while working in a silo, immediately start the silage blower. Fresh air is essential for the victim and the rescuers.
Be prepared before a disaster
Some emergency situations are preventable, while others, such as hurricanes or ice storms, occur without the farmer being able to do anything about it. Think about what could happen if there was a disaster and plan.
Prepare an emergency survival
kit Your emergency survival kit should be sufficient for at least three days. It should include: battery-operated radio with extra batteries, flashlight, a supply of canned food and dry food, water, a can opener, a first aid kit, a sleeping bag Or two blankets per person, water purification tablets or chlorine bleach.
During power failure
Determine how to access rations stored in attics or silos (eg use a tractor’s power take-off). Determine how to distribute hay and fodder. Identify reliable sources of drinking water (eg fire hall, generator to power your water pump, ponds, etc.).
emergency numbers View a list of emergency numbers near telephones, as well as directions to the farm (kilometers and landmarks). When people are overexcited or anxious, they may forget this important information unless it is written.
Every family member should know how to turn off power to the main panel and how to close the main water and gas supply valves. Do not turn off gas unless there is a leak or fire. Only a qualified technician can re-establish the gas supply.
Use a qualified electrician to install a dual blade transfer bipolar switch at the point where the generator will be connected to your home and other buildings. This switch will prevent the electricity generated by your generator from entering the public grid and threaten the safety of the linemen. Always keep your generator outdoors.