Consult your doctor about falls prevention. Have regular sight and hearing examinations.
Follow your prescription and over-the-counter medications and check with your doctor every six months. If your medicine causes dizziness, do not hesitate to mention it to your doctor.
Install adequate lighting throughout the house, including the staircase (with a switch at the top and bottom of each staircase) and in the bathrooms. Connect night lights to passages, especially between the bedroom and the bathrooms.
- Make sure nothing drags on the floor or on the stairs. Avoid rugs.
- Make sure there is at least one ramp (preferably two) that accompanies all the stairs and steps of your house.
- Make sure the ramps are securely fastened and in good condition.
- Check the steps are in good condition and non-slip. If steps are broken, have them repaired immediately. Apply a strip of an opposite tone on the edge of each step for better viewing or use non-slip reflector tails.
- Do as much for the outside steps. Be sure to regularly remove leaves, snow and ice. Use salt and sand in winter.
- Put yourself in the right position. Your shoes, boots and slippers should provide good support and good soles. Avoid wearing too large slippers or just socks.
- Install grab bars in all bathrooms, near the toilet and tub or shower. It is best to install two grab bars in the tub, one on the side wall and one on the back wall. If you need extra support, get a bathtub seat or bench for sitting down.
- Install a non-slip mat in the bathtub from one end of the bathtub to the other, as well as a non-slip mat next to the bathtub.
- For increased safety, use walking aids and other safety devices. If using a walking stick or walker, check to see if it is at the correct height and if the rubber tips are not too worn. For more safety in winter, have stainless steel crampons (ice picks) installed.